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2001 Paul Barlow

Chrysanthemum Classification system (updated 07/04/2006 )

The aim of this page is to describe in simple terms how the chrysanthemum classification and Colour code systems operate.

Colours: there are twenty one colour classifications. There are six main colours:  Bronze (b), Pink (p), Purple (pu), Red (r), Yellow (y), Salmon (s) - each of the preceding classifications can be prefixed 'Light' (l) or 'Deep' (d) making eighteen, in addition white, cream and 'other colours' bring up the total of twenty one.

Classification: chrysanthemums are allocated a number to represent their type and natural flowering time, this number is often referred to as their 'section'. Numbers in the range 22-30 are September flowering (Earlies) and numbers in the range 13-20 are October flowering (mid Season). Numbers in the range 1-12 are November Flowering (Lates). 

To determine the type, for example  3, 13 and 23 are 'incurved', 4, 14 and 24 are 'reflexed', 5, 15 and 25 are 'intermediate'. The character immediately following the 'type' number normally represents bloom size - 'a' is large, 'b' is medium, 'c' is small, but this is not always the case, see 'Explanatory Notes' below, for full details.

Link to Chrysanthemum Forms page.

Natural Flowering Time

Type November October September
Large Exhibition Section 1 n/a n/a
Medium Exhibition Section 2 n/a n/a
Incurved Section 3 a b c Section 13 a b c Section 23 a b c
Reflexed Section 4 a b c Section 14 a b c Section 24 a b c
Intermediate Section 5 a b c Section 15 a b c Section 25 a b c
Anemone Section 6 a b c  not applicable Section 26 a b 
Singles Section 7 a b c  Section 17 a b c  Section 27 a b 
Pompons Section 8 a b  Section 18 a b  Section 28 a b 
Sprays (See notes) Section 9 abcdef  Section 19 abcdef  Section 29 abcdef 
Spiders, Spoons, Quills Section 10 a b c  not applicable not applicable
Any other types Section 11 Section 20 Section 30
Charms, Cascades Section 12 a b  Not applicable not applicable
Large October Flowering not applicable Section 16 not applicable
Garden Charms not applicable not applicable Section 22 abcdef
Explanatory notes:
Sprays and Garden Charms have the following sub sections
a - anemone
b - pompons
c - reflexed
d - singles
e - intermediate
f - spiders, spoons, quills (single or double)
    and any other type

Spiders, Spoons Quills
a - Spiders
b - Quills
c - Spoons

Pompons come in  two types
a - True poms (perfect ball of hard florets)
b - semi poms (half sphere with flat base)

Charms and Cascades (section 12)
a - represents Charms
b - represents Cascades

All other Sections
a - represents large flowered
b - represents medium flowered
c - represents small flowered

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Last updated on 07 April, 2006