CHRYSANTHEMUMS in ABERDEEN

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2001 Paul Barlow


Chrysanthemum Facts

 

History
  • Chrysanthemums originated in China.
  • Chrysanthemum indicum and Chrysanthemum sinense are both natives of China and are the source of all modern show chrysanthemums.
  • Confucius recorded chrysanthemum cultivation as early as 500BC.
  • The word chrysanthemum is derived from two Greek words CHRYSOS (gold) and ANTHOS (a flower).
  • The Chinese have named a city after the chrysanthemum - Chu-hsien.
  • The Chrysanthemum is the National Flower of Japan.
  • The Japanese have a Chrysanthemum Day on the ninth day of the ninth month. The Imperial Order of the Chrysanthemum is the highest order of chivalry in the land.
  • In 1688 chrysanthemums were imported to Holland but perished.
  • In 1789 M Blancard of Marseilles imported 3 varieties from China, one, named 'Old Purple', survived to take a place in chrysanthemum history.
  • Eight varieties arrived in England from China in the late eighteenth century. There were 24 recognised varieties in existence by 1824 and 48 by 1826.
  • The National Chrysanthemum Society (UK) was founded in Stoke Newington, England in 1846.
  • In 1860 Robert Fortune obtained many new forms from his visit to Japan. These new strains had considerable impact on future hybridisation.
  • Chrysanthemums were cultivated in Tasmania in 1836, in New South Wales in 1843, Victoria in 1855 and New Zealand in 1860.
  • In the late nineteenth century there was enthusiastic take up of the chrysanthemum in the USA.
Modern
  • Chrysanthemums are classified into 29 sections to identify type and natural flowering time.
  • Chrysanthemums are colour coded - there are 21 colour codes.
  • Chrysanthemums are further classified by size of blooms (large, medium, small).
  • The UK register of Chrysanthemums (updated and re-issued in 1997) contains over 5000 entries. There must be many more thousands registered in other countries.
  • Chrysanthemums respond to day length - this is used to advantage by commercial growers in the production of AYR (All Year Round) crops.
  • There are national societies in Canada, Australia, New Zealand, USA, France, and South Africa.
  • Chrysanthemums can be cultivated in bonsai form.
  • Bloom size can be as small as 1cm for bonsai and as large as 25cms for Large Exhibition types.
  • The florists flower section has grown to enormous proportions largely due to the AYR cultivation techniques that maximise the flexibility of the chrysanthemum.
  • In the UK chrysanthemums are grown for decorative garden impact, for cut flowers and as a specialist flower for the exhibitor.
  • In the UK the Ox-eye Daisy and the Corn Marigold are types of chrysanthemum.
  • Marguerites (chrysanthemum frutescens) are indigenous to the Canary Islands.

If you would like further information or wish to comment on this publication please send your e-mail to: paul.barlow@chrysanthemums.info

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Last updated on 23 December, 2001