Novelties are new cultivars in their first and
second year after release. Our reports cover Early disbud and spray cultivars.
REPORTS ON EARLY FLOWERING
RELEASED IN 1996 AND 1997
Information in these pages
is based on reports
growers in Scotland.
Contributors of information:
A - Aberdeen D - Dundee F
- Fraserburgh Fr - Forfar G - Grangemouth
1997 was not a particularly good year for
chrysanthemums. The scarcity of novelty reports is a reflection of the poor season
combined the absence of good quality introductions. It is sadly something we may have to
come to terms with following the closure of Rileys Nuseries; their rate of production for
new cultivars will perhaps never be equalled. However we do have reports for some first
and second year novelties, supplemented this year with details (following another very
successful Perth Late Show) of some of the popular late flowering cultivars. Star of the
year was clearly Primrose Rachel Knowles, and with a new yellow sport due out in 1998
things look quite promising for those who grow the large early disbuds.
REFLEXED CULTIVARS - Sections 14
Louise Park, 24a, Purple (H.
Bought in plants stopped 23rd March and grown 2 blooms per plant. This
cultivar flowered late, around 1st October. Plants appx 3ft 6in, plant health and foliage
OK but blooms very rough. Will not be grown again.
Colossus, 24a, Purple (
Rooted late December and stopped 10th March. Flowered 2 up for end August onwards.
Plants about 4ft tall with good health, habit and foliage. Early blooms proved to be the
best, will grow again
Agnes Catlin, 24a, Light Pink
Bought in plants stopped 23rd March and grown 2 blooms per plant. This cultivar
flowered late, around 1st October. Plants appx 4ft , plant health and foliage OK but
blooms very rough - described by this reporter as have the qualities of a large
exhibition! Will not be grown again.
Yellow Dorridge Crystal, 24a,
Yellow (H Walker) Fr
Fresh stock bought in for 1997 season, plants stopped 23rd March and grown 2 blooms
per plant. This cultivar flowered around mid September. Plants were very short, only
reaching 2ft 3", plant health and foliage OK but blooms, like the plant height, far t
oo small. Will not be grown again.
Suzanne Marie, 24a, Deep Pink
Bought in plants received 13th February and stopped 20th March. Grown two up,
plants reached about 3ft and produced blooms for mid September. While the stems were
considered strong, health was suspect and foliage pitted. Bloom colour was good but form
was rough, considered too small for the 'a' classification. Will not be grown again.
Fulfen, 24b, Pink (J Neville)
Bought in plants received end January/early February and stopped end March to mid
Ap ril. The better plants reached 4ft in height, the poor ones appeared stunted and
reached no higher than 2ft 6". Blooms were very small and some damping reported soon
after the first petals started to reflex. Obviously requires stock selection, however on
ly one of our reporters is considering giving it a second chance.
Amber Matlock, 24b, Bronze (A
Bought in plants received at the end of January and stopped 11th April. Flowered
two up, plants reached about 4ft and produced blooms at the end of August through early
September. Good plants, good blooms, good colour and very little dressing reported by this
enthusiastic contributor. Will be grown again .
Scottie, 24b, Red (Riley ) D
Plants received from Woolmans at end Januaryand stopped 30th March. This cultivar
flowered late, towards the end of September. Two blooms per plant and quite tall at 5ft
6". Leaf count is very low and the blooms took a long time to develop. The resulting
bloom was considered to be quite neat requiring little dressing. This grower is undecided
whether to try again.
Satin Venice, 24b, Light Pink
(Riley ) Ds
Plants received mid February and stopped 30th March. This cultivar flowered late, towards
the end of September. Two blooms per plant and quite tall at 5ft 6" with good leaves.
The resulting blooms stood up well to the conditions of 1997 with no damping re ported.
Will be grown again.
Wembley, 24b, Red (Riley)
Two reports from Fraserburgh confirm the exhibition potential of this 1996 novelty.
Rooted 21st December through to first week in January and stopped in the first week of
April. Easily managed at about 3ft 6" to 4ft. Grown two up, blooms were available end
August to first week in September. Good health and habit , although one grower reported
bent stems below the bud which appeared to straighten as the flower developed. Both
reporters will grow again in 1998.
INCURVED AND INTERMEDIATE CULTIVARS -
Sections 13/23 and 15/25
Lynn Johnson, 15a, White (M
Bought in plants stopped 16th March and grown 2 blooms per pl ant. This cultivar flowered
late, around 6th October, confirming the October classification for this cultivar. Plant
height can be a problem, exceeding 6ft but health and foliage OK with a good strong stem.
Will be grown again from an earlier root and st op.
Gold Chessington, 25a, Deep
Yellow (G Barclay) F
Bought in plants received 13th February and stopped 20th March. Grown two up, plants
reached about 5ft and produced blooms for mid September. Stems were considered to be weak
compared with other Chessingtons, health was good and foliage on the small side. Plants
budded up early consequently bloom size was small. Prepared to try a few plants in 1998.
Primrose Rachel Knowles, 25a,
Light Yellow (Oldham) A/G
Receied from the raiser during February and March and stopped very soon after - 2nd week
March and end March. Grown 2 up, plants reached 5-6ft. Flowered from mid to end September.
Very straight, strong laterals with small foliage, no health problems. Thi s one may prove
to be the best of the Rachel Knowles family. Both reporters will grow again in 1998.
Yellow Swalwell, 25b, Yellow
Plants received from Don Horn early February and stopped 30th March. A short grower, 3-3ft
6". Flowered two blooms per plant for end September shows. Good habit, uniform height
and good bloom form. Will be grown again.
Geordie, 25b, Deep Yellow
Rooted early in January and stopped 30th March. Blooms were ready from end August to early
September. Plant height around 4ft and grown two up . Blooms considered to be smaller than
last year with form slightly square. Verdict is good colour but lacking form - unsure
whether to grow again.
Woolley Globe, 25b, White
Rooted third week in December through to early January and stopped third week in March
through to 1st April. Plants reached 4ft 6" to 5ft and all growers flowered two
blooms per plant. All reports indicate good health and foliage with strong stems. Two gr
owers report some roughness in the lower petals, nevertheless two of the three reporters
will grow again in 1998.
One grower received by mistake what appears now to be Felicity, a 1998 introduction from
Woolmans. This bronze intermediate, 15B, flowered at the end of October and was very large
for the medium classification. The form was the open intermediate style and the cultivar
seems to have kept good colour even in bags. It could be one to think about if you need
blooms at the end of September.
SPRAY CULTIVARS - Section 29
Pennine Splash, 29d, Yellow
Received early February and stopped 11th April. Grown 3 stems per plant to produce blooms
for mid to late September. Habit and health reported as excellent with good blooms that
stood up well to the weather. Plant height was 4ft plus. Will be grown again.
Pennine Ritz, 29d, Purple
Received early February and stopped 11th April. Grown 3 stems per plant to produce blooms
for early to mid September. Habit and health reported as excellent with good blooms that
stood up well to the weather. Plant height was 5ft plus. Will be grown again.
Enbee Celebration, 29d,
Yellow (Masters 1995) A
Rooted 17th February and stopped 12th April. Three stems per plant and an average of 8
blooms per stem. Plant height around 4ft. Easily manageable plants with good health and
foliage and a substantial stem. Stock selection in the first year (only one st ool kept
from the 1996 season) resulted in very good results this year. Will be grown again.
Myss Goldie, 29c, Light
Bronze (Southway) F
Rooted in January and stopped 3rd week in April. Grown 3 stems per plant this cultivar
produced an average of 6-7 blooms per stem for around 20th September. Plant height 3ft
6", health, foliage and stem all considered good. Blooms had good size and depth.
Will be grown again.
Although not novelties a selection of reports on some of
the late flowering cultivars being grown in Scotland:
William Florentine and
This large pink intermediate with it's bronze and golden sports is a must for those who
favour the intermediate types. A versatile cultivar that can be grown on first crown from
a late May/early June stop or on second crown with stops early April and early June. Three
show quality blooms are easily achieved from each plant. Pot size is a minimum of 9",
ideally a clay pot and be prepared to water regularly as this cultivar produces an
enormous root system.
John Wingfield and sports,
As most growers of early disbuds will already know, this is a very versatile cultivar.
Capable of producing blooms from end August for the early grower through to end
October/early November for the late grower. Grown 2 and three up in a 9" pot this
cultivar can be flowered in a cold greenhouse or even under the early covers provided it
is protected with a bloom frame and a large bag. Later blooms can often prove to be bigger
than the earlies due to cooler conditions and a longer growing season. Stopping date
should be around end May.
Charles Tandy,5a White
A large white intermediate on a vigour ous plant. Rooting date is during the first half of
February and stopping date is around 1st June in Anstruther although several weeks earlier
further north in Aberdeen. This cultivar responds well to bagging and can easily be
flowered in a cool greenhou se (night temperature around 50F).
Dynasty and Cherry sport,
Ideally rooted in January and stopped mid April. This will produce an early bud that is
then run-to produce exhibition blooms from mid October to early November. This is a
vigorous cultivar which can take a heavy feed. Grown 3 blooms per plant in an 8" clay
pot should give best results
Lorna Wood, 13b White
This hard petalled white incurve is catching the attention of Late growers, having been a
favourite with early growers for several years now. Grown on first or second crown this
cultivar will produce blooms for mid October. We're still learning with this one but
there's every confidence that early November blooms can be achieved. Pot size needn't be
too big, 8-8.5" is ideal. A minimum of three blooms per plant is suggested.
Gigantic and sports, 1,
Probably one of the easiest to grow of all Large Exhibition. This family does best from a
rooting date in early January followed by a stop on 1st May. A vigorous cultivar that does
best in a 10" pot, clay if possible. It grows equally well in soilless and soil based
compost. Expect to secure buds before 10th August to obtain maximum bloom size, and as
with all Japs, only one bloom per plant to ensure good size.
Jimmy Mottram, 1, Deep Salmon
An early root is required for this cultivar, last week in December is ideal. Stopping is
also relatively early, around 15th April. Again 10" pots are required for this
cultivar. Best results come from a ripe plant so be prepared to make them search for w
ater early in the season. This cultivar will typically flower during the early part of
If you would like further information or
wish to comment on this publication please send your e-mail to: email@example.com
Last updated on 18 December, 2001